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Clinical Presentation

Eczema and dry skin conditions

The majority of new eczema cases occur in children.1 In infants, eczema usually involves the face and extensor surfaces of the limbs, and may involve the trunk. A few infants may exhibit a discoid pattern. In older children, flexural involvement predominates, as in adults.1

Eczema is characterised by episodes of remission and "flares", in which symptoms are exacerbated, and require an acceleration or adaptation of treatments.5

Atopic eczema is largely genetic in nature, although the exact genetic cause has not yet been identified.2 Environmental factors vary for individual patients, but generally exposure to allergens can prompt an exacerbation of eczema.